Check off items as you go along.
Note: Not all of these may apply to you!
Have you installed Google Analytics?
Have you installed Google Search Console?
Focusing on the US? Might want to install Bing Webmaster Tools.
Using WordPress? Make sure to grab a Google Analytics plugin! There are lots of simple ones that work, here’s an example.
Using WordPress? Install Yoast SEO! This plugin will make your life 10x easier.
Have you checked Google’s Search Console for 404 / 500 errors, duplicate content, missing titles and other technical errors that Google has found?
Have you used Browseo to find even more technical errors, like 302 redirects that should be 301s?
Have you used Screaming Frog to find broken links, errors, and crawl problems?
Have you used Google’s Keyword Planner for keyword research? What about KWFinder, KeywordTool.io and SEMRush? Be sure to consider searcher intent and difficulty, pick 1 keyword per page, and you’ll generally want to start with lower-volume keywords first.
Have you looked at competitor link profiles? This is the easiest way to get started with link building. This way, you can see what kind of anchor text they’re using, as well as how and where they’ve been getting their links. Something like the Ahrefs, Link Diagnosis, Open Site Explorer, or Majestic.
Have you incorporated your primary keyword (or something close) into your page URL?
Is your keyword in your title tag? Is your title tag enticing? What’s the CTR? You can check in Google Search Console!
Are all of your meta description tags approximately ~160 characters? Is the keyword in the meta description? Google is now testing longer meta descriptions – but the standard has been about 160 characters.
Have you used an H1 tag on your page? Is your keyword in the tag? Is it before any (H2, H3, H4…) tags? Are you only using 1 H1?
Do you have a healthy amount of search engine-accessible text on your site? My recommendation is at least 100 words because you want to give search engines an opportunity to understand what the topic of your page is. You can still rank with less, and you don’t ever want to put unnecessary text on your site, but I recommend not creating a new page unless you have roughly ~100 words worth of content.
Did you use synonyms in your copy? Remember: synonyms are great, and using natural language that’s influenced by keyword research (rather than just pure keywords) is highly encouraged!
Do your images have descriptive ALT tags and filenames? Search engines “see” images by reading the ALT tag and looking at file names, among other factors. Try to be descriptive when you name your images.
Are you linking to your internal pages in an SEO-friendly way? Are you describing the page you’re linking to in the anchor text, so that both users and search engines understand what it’s about? I recommend not using anchor text in your global navigation because it can look like over-optimization. Stick to in-content links instead.
Have you started off-page optimization and began building links? This is the hardest, most important aspect of SEO! Check out the ClickMinded Link Building Strategy Guide to get started.
Have you made sure your site isn’t creating any duplicate content? Utilize 301 redirects, canonical tags or use Google Webmaster Tools to fix any duplicate content that might be indexing and penalizing your site.
Are you using absolute URLs in your code? Some CMS platforms give you the option. Use absolute URLs instead of relative ones.
Have you checked your site speed with Google PageSpeed Tools?
Is your site responsive? Does it render on a mobile device? You can check it with a tool like ResponsiveTest.net
Have you created an XML sitemap and submitted it to Google and Bing Webmaster Tools? Use XML-Sitemaps.com or the Google XML Sitemaps WordPress Plugin.
Have you created a Robots.txt file and submitted it in Google and Bing Webmaster Tools?
Have you claimed your business / website username on other major networks for reputation management reasons? Not only do you want to make sure no one else gets your account name, but you can often “own” all the results on the first page of a search for your brand if you’re a new website or company. Here is the URL structure of some of the major networks (I’ve avoided linking directly to sign up pages because they keep changing):
Have you set up social media accounts on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn and Google+?
Have you used an SEO Audit Tool to double-check everything once you’re live?
Have you reviewed all of the free SEO tools at your disposal before completing this audit?
That’s it! A good friend of mine used this checklist to optimize for his eCommerce site. His primary keywords are Backpack with Speakers and Cooler with Speakers, and I told him I would help him out with a few links as well :).
I hope this checklist was helpful!
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